Today in Estonia they again remembered the Tartu Peace Treaty of 1920. Estonian parliamentary speaker Henn Põlluaas demanded that Russia return the territories that Estonia had acquired under this treaty.
The statement of the Estonian politician was commented by the deputy of the State Duma, member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs Elena Panina:
“The desire of the Estonian political elite is understandable: to remind about their country, which is hardly noticed today. And the further, the less. Estonia is impoverished and depopulated. Citizens of the country are fleeing to work in Europe and are working hard not to return. In this situation, to lament about the lost “Estonian lands” is the easiest way to remind yourself. ”
Panina also recalled that under the Tartu Treaty of Estonia, in addition to the territories west of the Narva River, the right bank of the river with Ivangorod was withdrawn – today these territories are part of the Kingisepp District of the Leningrad Region and land from the mouth of the Schuchka River to Lake Peipsi, which is now part of Slantsevsky district of the Leningrad region, as well as the Pechora region – now Pechora district of the Pskov region.
“These are native Russian lands. Ivangorod was founded by Ivan III in 1492 and still bears his name. And we have known Lake Peipsi from the lessons of history. It was there that Alexander Nevsky defeated the German knight dogs during the Battle of the Ice. And as before, and now, the population of these territories is 90% Russian, ”says the politician.
“But there were no Estonians,” continues Panina, “there were tribes of which only a century later an Estonian ethnic group was formed. Ethnicity, but not the state. The territories of modern Estonia were the possessions of the Order of the Swordsmen, the Livonian Order, and Sweden. Peter I, following the results of the Northern War of 1700-1721, returned the original Russian lands of the Russian Empire. Estonians, however, under the protection of Russia took shape as a full-fledged ethnic group only in the 18th century.
In 1918, during the First World War, the territories of the Russian Empire in the Baltic were occupied by Germany, and after the defeat of the latter, the Entente, or rather England, took “protection” over these lands. A civil war was raging in Russia, and the new-found Estonia decided to participate in this war as a marauding state, wishing to profit from foreign lands.
Being “in the train” of Yudenich’s army and with the support of the British fleet, Estonian military units settled in the occupied lands of the Petrograd and Pskov provinces. However, after the counterattack of the Red Army, the newly proclaimed government of Estonia quickly betrayed Yudenich and decided to make peace with Soviet Russia. And so the Tartu Treaty of 1920 arose. ”
Elena Panina emphasized that the Bolsheviks were then waiting for a world revolution and easily gave up the original Russian lands to Estonia, considering this a tactical concession. However, the world revolution did not happen. And already during the Soviet Union, step by step in the 1930s – 1940s, the territory of the Russian Empire was restored to almost the same borders.
After the Soviet Union was destroyed and a new Estonia emerged from the Estonian SSR, the Russian politician continued, she decided to repeat the tactics of the beginning of the 20th century and tried to “bite off” part of Russia: the Estonian authorities unilaterally declared that they again recognized the validity of the Tartu Peace Treaty . “However, now is not the 1990s, and Russia can protect its borders,” the deputy says.
“So the statement of the speaker of the Estonian parliament is a political speculation of pure water. Her Estonian politicians periodically get out of their “mossy nationalist chest” in order to once again draw attention to themselves. Under international law, any agreement between countries becomes valid again only with the consent of all the signatories.
It is obvious to everyone in the world that these claims of Estonian politicians are groundless, and Russia does not need to prove anything. But this is another reason to remind Estonia of its history (or rather the absence of this story until 1918) and its unseemly role in that period, ”concluded Elena Panina.