Today, June 7, parliamentary hearings are being held in the State Duma of the Russian Federation on the topic “Illegal Western sanctions and measures to minimize them on the politics and economy of the Russian Federation.” Elena Panina, Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Director of the RUSSTRAT Institute, gave her assessment of the illegality of the American sanctions against Russia:
“US sanctions are an important instrument of US foreign policy. Despite the expressed doubts about the effectiveness and objectivity of the US sanctions, they have been actively used since the beginning of the 19th century. The declared purpose of the sanctions is twofold: a) to change the political behavior of the target country and b) to increase the costs that the target country will have to incur if it continues to “misbehave”.
The practice has shown that Western sanctions against Russia have a dual, economic and political purpose. The economy is expressed in the desire to use sanctions as a means in the competitive struggle when there is no way to defeat an opponent by market means. The political is expressed in the fact that sanctions are used as a tool to coerce the opponent into the desired behavior in situations of geopolitical clashes caused by a conflict of national and group interests that cannot be resolved through a compromise.”
Elena Panina emphasized that the purpose of the sanctions is to isolate the opponent in the world community and disrupt his communications – trade, settlement, information, logistics, thus reducing his military capabilities.
“The practice of interstate relations, as well as the socio-economic development of Russia over the past twenty years, shows that being exclusively within the framework of economic competition, the West could not restrain Russia’s return to the role of one of the superpowers.
Therefore, taking advantage of its superiority in economic power and political power, it arbitrarily adopts anti-Russian sanctions, which strike primarily at key sectors and enterprises of the Russian economy.
That is, anti-Russian sanctions act as a political and economic instrument of influence. Politically, they are holding back the growth of Russia’s geopolitical power, trying to make it as difficult as possible for Moscow to leave the already existing zone of geopolitical influence. Economically – they limit the possibilities of the Russian economy, striking a blow at the most important industries and enterprises, violating the principles of economic competition and free-market – the main economic postulates of the West, ”Elena Panina emphasized.
The deputy noted that there is no evidence that Russia’s actions against the United States, Crimea, or Ukraine constituted aggression, a threat to peace, or a violation of the peace. All these charges do not have a single proof considered in the legal norms of international law.
“Making the sanctions legal requires their approval by the five members of the UN Security Council. However, the United States is not satisfied with the need to agree on sanctions, since they understand that they have no evidence base and they will not be accepted.
For this reason, the United States adopts unilateral sanctions, drawing allied states into the sanctions pool and creating a virtually parallel system of law, unrecognized by other states and destroying a single legal field. In fact, it is no longer a matter of legal enforcement practice, but of the right of the strong, ”the deputy is sure.
Summing up her speech, Elena Panina emphasized the illegal nature of American sanctions from the point of view of international law and invited Russia to initiate the convocation of the International Sanctions Tribunal: “Now there are more than 20 countries under American sanctions, they will support. There will also be serious international lawyers who will be able to substantiate the relevant claims against the Americans.”