The Committee on International Affairs held parliamentary hearings on the theme: “100th anniversary of the 1917 revolution in Russia”.
Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Petro Tolstoy stated that in the Russian society the attitude towards the October revolution is still ambiguous. Someone considers this to be the greatest achievement of human history, someone – the greatest tragedy that led to the Red Terror and for decades thrown the country from its historical path. But one thing is obvious: most of the revolutions in world history took place when the authorities weakened and did not hear the society and the external forces, interested in the coup d’état and the change of power, became more active.
“Society must be able to draw conclusions from its history. This is the only guarantee of progressive evolutionary development, “P.Tolstoy concluded.
According to the Chairman of the International Affairs Committee Leonid Slutsky, it is important not to lose the most important thing that is given by the events of a hundred years ago and forms a historical memory.
“Any revolution is violence, fraud and crime,” said the head of the LDPR faction Vladimir Zhirinovsky. – Terror, civil war and revenge will be obligatory. The heirs of the dead will take revenge. The revolution destroys, destroys the state, society, religion, science, army. This is a revolution, a mutiny, a riot. The desire to make a coup is always in any country. There are always dissatisfied and aspiring to power, there will always be rich and poor. The main thing is to develop a negative attitude to violence once and for all, “Zhirinovky summed up, suggesting that a monument to the victims of all Russian revolutions be built in Moscow – from 1905 to 1993.
Opposing opinion was expressed by the head of the faction of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov. The GOELRO plan, universal education, the creation of a multimillion army, the introduction of a gold chervonetz – all this, he said, is the property of the October Revolution and Soviet power. “Soviet power gathered the disintegrated state. We invented the best rockets, the best nuclear power plants. It is necessary to study everyone who is going to do something for the country, “Zyuganov said.
“One can not but admit that for Russia the revolutionary events of a century ago are an integral part of national history. They have defined the economic, scientific and cultural development of the state for decades, “said rector of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, academician Anatoly Torkunov, noting at the same time that many contemporaries perceive the 1917 revolution as events of distant history, and therefore not as emotionally as the older generation. For the young people, the revolution of 1917 stands alongside Peter’s reforms or the Decembrist uprising.
According to the Italian journalist, writer and public figure Julietto Chiesa, who spent 20 years working in Russia as a Moscow correspondent for the newspapers Unita and La Stampa, the significance of revolution can not be assessed from the moral point of view. The Russian socialist revolution of October 1917 “left a decisive imprint” on the world history of the 20th century, and this influence on the history of the world continues to the present day.
“Russia, with all its characteristics and world influence, would not exist, if not for the revolution,” Kieza believes. – To look at the entire Soviet period as a monstrous mistake or criminal events means not to notice the participation in the history of the broad masses of the people. This period was, of course, a sword of violence, but the USSR became a foothold for all oppressed peoples in the world and gave them hope. ”
D. Kieza also suggested not to judge the Soviet experience on the basis of the opinions of the Soviet intelligentsia or on the basis of anti-Soviet Russophobic propaganda. “The Soviet intelligentsia was largely influenced by the Anglo-Saxon Rusophobic idea,” he argued.
Rumor Abbyasov, the first deputy chairman of the Council of Muftis of Russia and the Spiritual Board of Muslims of the Russian Federation, the German journalist Alexander Rahr, the president of the Franco-Russian alliance Alexander Trubetskoi, the head of the history of the state, law and political doctrines of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Grafsky, head of the Center for Strategic Studies “Russia-Islamic World” Shamil Sultanov, Professor of Political Science at the Financial University Yakov Plyis.